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Stallcup's Off-Shore Electrical Requirements - 2014: based on the NEC and related standards
by James G Stallcup

->>->>->>DOWNLOAD BOOK Stallcup's Off-Shore Electrical Requirements - 2014: based on the NEC and related standards

The economics of modern offshore facilities have caused a significant increase in the complexity of marine platform electrical systems. The corresponding increase in the use of electric power and electrical and electronic controls de­mand a better understanding of electrical principles in order to promote human safety and aid in the prevention of fire or explosion.

Many items of electrical equipment represent a potential ignition source if exposed to a fuel source; however, properly designed and maintained electrical equipment can be safely applied even where hazardous gases or vapors are present. On offshore platforms, particular emphasis must be placed on electrical instal­lations because of the presence of hydrocarbons, the close confines, and the adverse environmental conditions. Because of safety considerations and govern­mental rules and regulations, it is essential that future installations comply with applicable codes and regulations and that the integrity of existing systems be maintained.

Prior to 1971 there literally were no electrical regulations to follow (except for safety of life at sea requirements of the U.S. Coast Guard, i.e. NAVAID lights, and abandon platform alarms) for installations that were in fact out­side of state boundaries and located in federal waters.

In 1971, the United States Department of the Interior through the United States Geological Survey Conservation Division (USGS) made compliance with the National Electrical Code mandatory in offshore federal waters of the Outer Continental Shelf (thus the term USGS OCS Orders).

These regulations also require that facilities located on the Outer Continental Shelf of the United States be electrically classified in accordance with the American Petroleum Institute Recommended Practice RP500 titled, “Classification of Areas for Electrical Installations at Drilling Rigs and Production Facilities on land and on Marine Fixed and Mobile Platforms.”

This book consolidates the guidelines established by the API Standards, as well as the National Electrical Code and NFPA Standards, and actual field operating experience into one document of requirements. It has been prepared to acquaint electrical and operating personnel with the requirements for offshore electrical equipment, emphasizing installations in those areas considered hazardous from a fire and explosion standpoint, and to establish guidelines for those who select and install electrical equipment so that this can be accomplished with a minimum of technical assistance. The information in this book is addressed to those individuals who are interested in designing and installing in such systems.

Note that in the some of the codes and standards that regulate offshore production, the word “shall” is used to represent a mandatory requirement. However, even though the author references those same codes and standards, the information in this book is intended to guide the user as to what is acceptable and what is not. Therefore, the word “should” or “must” will be used to represent an accepted practice by the industry.

Stallcup's Off-Shore Electrical Requirements - 2014: based on the NEC and related standards James G Stallcup
Stallcup's Off-Shore Electrical Requirements - 2014: based on the NEC and related standards purchase book text windows mobile Stallcup's Off-Shore Electrical Requirements - 2014: based on the NEC and related standards book BitTorrent free


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